United States Air Force Academy

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Law, Technology, & Warfare Research Cell

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The modern battlefield is continually changing by adapting and integrating new technologies to gain efficiencies, lethality, and/or precision. From autonomous weapon systems and cyber operations to hypersonics and space-based weapons systems, new technology is rapidly developing, and new capabilities are being brought to bear both for and against our enemies. With each new technology, military lawyers are confronted with questions of their legality under the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC) and International Humanitarian Law (IHL). Furthermore, as each new technology is in development (perhaps even years away), many seek to prevent their development by appealing to the principles of LOAC and IHL. As these questions and conversations arise, it falls on the practitioners to answer the tough questions and, perhaps more importantly, shape the conversations.

The Law, Technology, and Warfare Research Cell endeavors to answer these questions and shape the conversation through research, scholarship, collaboration, and education. Taking advantage of the spirit of technological innovation at USAFA, the LTWRC offers faculty, cadets, and the wider Air Force community the opportunity to research new technologies and their application to the battlefield, generate scholarship on their legal uses, collaborate with operators and practitioners in the field, and educate cadets, national-level decision-makers, senior military leaders, and tactical level practitioners. Through these efforts, the LTWRC seeks to become the world’s premier research entity for the study of the law at the intersection of technology and military operations throughout the domains of air, space, cyberspace, land, and sea.

  • Scholarship – Generates, cultivates, and advances scholarship on law, technology, and warfare
  • Education – Educates faculty, staff, cadets, and the wider Air Force on emerging issues in these fields
  • Operationally Focused Research – Acts as a focal point in answering the Air Force’s needs for deliberate thought on law, technology, and warfare
  • Partner of the Woomera Manual The Woomera Manual project seeks to develop a Manual that objectively articulates and clarifies existing international law applicable to military space operations.
  • Member of the Law of Armed Conflict and Military Operations (LACMO) International Research Network. The LACMO Network is a consortium of universities, institutions, and research groups from around the world. Its aim is to promote and jointly execute research activities and projects in relevant areas of international law related to armed conflict, the law of military operations, and cyber security law.
  • Regularly present on emerging legal issues in Cyberspace, Space, and new technologies.
  • Hosted MILAMOS, Workshop III in October 2017



Lt Col Timothy Goines
(719) 333-9150