United States Air Force Academy: Agenda for Change
Mission and Values
The United States Air Force Academy exists to educate, train, and inspire
so that each graduate is a commissioned leader of character committed
to our core values of integrity, service, and excellence; professional
growth throughout a career as an officer in the US Air Force, and; a
lifetime of selfless service to the nation. Above all else, the Air Force
Academy is a military organization designed to serve the Air Force and
our nation. In pursuit of its goal to produce leaders of character, the
Academy must establish and nurture policies that emphasize the character
expected from commissioned Air Force officers.
To remain relevant to the larger Air Force, the Air Force Academy must
focus on the deliberate development of Air Force officers, providing
the required mentoring, guidance, and discipline to produce future leaders.
The Academy will not be managed as a separate entity; rather, it must
reflect the values and norms of the broader Air Force while maintaining
the high academic standards of a world-class university.
The Cadet Wing, Group, and Squadron
The cadet squadron is the core military organization of the Academy.
It provides the structure for daily life. Cadet Group and Wing organizations
function to facilitate the leadership training activities of the cadet
It is every cadet's duty to uphold the highest standard of integrity,
service, and excellence as they progress from Basic Cadet to Firstclassmen
within their squadron. Every cadet must aspire to lead, both at the Academy
and as a commissioned officer. Their potential to assume the responsibility
of command will be measured by how they hold themselves and their subordinates
accountable to the Academy's standard of discipline.
Every officer and NCO assigned to the Academy will make it their duty
to develop and mentor cadets into model officers. The focal point for
this effort is the squadron Air Officer Commanding (AOC) and Military
Training Leader (MTL). The AOC and MTL will lead, develop and mentor
the cadets in their charge with a deep personal commitment that models
the command relationship between the squadron commander and first sergeant.
The universal guiding principle for all cadets, officers, and NCOs will
be honor, integrity, and mutual respect that is the hallmark of the Academy
Honor, Integrity, Mutual Respect
United States Air Force is the greatest air and space force on the
because of the personal honor, integrity and loyalty of
individually contributing their utmost to achieve a common goal:
unbeatable air and space power for the nation. These characteristics
be cultivated in a climate of trust and mutual respect: between
and the nation; between the institution and its members; and,
between the individuals who are the institution. In the absence of
compact, none of the values we cherish – integrity, service, excellence – can
endure. Loyalty to these values and the institution must be placed
above loyalty to any individual who betrays these values.
The Air Force Academy must bolster those processes and systems that
guide honorable conduct, of which discipline for infractions is an integral
component. The Academy must ensure cadets understand and exercise the
spirit of these values in the context of their future in the Air Force.
Discipline must be administered with measured judgment and in accordance
with our core values. Ultimately, the success of the Air Force Academy
depends on cadets, mentored by squadron-level officers and non-commissioned
officers, internalizing these values and emerging from the Academy as
officers of high character. The climate we strive to achieve at the Air
Force Academy is one in which cadets take appropriate action to deter,
stop, or report the criminal actions of a few that sully the reputation
of themselves, their fellow cadets and the United States Air Force.
The Cadet Honor Code
The Cadet Honor Code is a statement of intent: the intent to hold
both ourselves and our peers to an explicit standard of conduct. Enforcement
of the honor code must be based on the goal of instilling in our cadets
an imperative to voluntarily live by the spirit of the code rather
encouraging interpretive efforts to evade punishment under the letter of
the code. A lie is a lie, the mere construction of which requires
intent to deceive. Failing to acknowledge this simple moral truth
reinforces an attitude accepting the evasion of responsibility
for the consequences
of one’s own behavior. This behavior is unacceptable in
a commissioned officer and is, as a result, not to be tolerated
at the Air Force Academy.
critical characteristic distinguishing a profession from
is the willingness of its members to establish and enforce
of professional conduct, removing those who fail to meet the
standard when necessary. Character is a requirement for a practitioner
profession of arms in the US Air Force. For this reason, we place
special emphasis on the “toleration clause” of the Cadet Honor Code.
It must be made clear that loyalty should never be confused with excessive
tolerance, and that covering up another cadet’s criminal
activity cannot be viewed as loyalty to a comrade. Ignoring or
covering up illegal
activity among our peers is to protect one who has violated his
or her own loyalty to the institution and his or her fellow cadets.
officers who oversee and provide advice to cadets about the administration
of the honor code should assure compliance with its spirit.
Policy Directives and Initiatives
- The Superintendent is responsible for overall strategic leadership
and planning at the United States Air Force Academy. The Superintendent
will initiate a strategic planning process, which will define goals,
specify measurable objectives, tasks, and metrics. These goals will
be aligned with the stated mission and values of the Academy. The Superintendent
will review all USAFA Instructions for compliance with the mission
the strategic planning goals, and USAF policies. The office of Vice
Superintendent will be eliminated and redesignated as Director of Staff.
Commandant of Cadets is responsible for creating an atmosphere that
ensures officer development and academic excellence are maintained
to the highest standards. To enhance and ensure every aspect serves
the cause of leadership and character development, the Director of
will report to the Commandant. The Academic Dean, also bound by the
leadership and character development mission, will continue to report
to the Superintendent
of the Academy. These two officers, the Commandant and the Dean, will
work closely together in the development of our future Air Force leaders.
The Office of the Vice Commandant, under the Commandant, will assist
the Commandant in fulfilling his/her duties and act as an ombudsman
for the Commandant and Superintendent.
- In addition to other duties assigned to this position, the
Vice Commandant is specifically tasked with overseeing Academy sexual
issues. In fulfilling the duties of an ombudsman, the Vice Commandant
an effective template, along with performance metrics and
databases, for the management of sexual assault cases in
an expeditious, judicious and sensitive manner with the
goal of ensuring justice is served
both for the victim and the accused.
the support of officers detailed to the Vice Commandant
from the Office of the Judge Advocate, the Counseling
Center, and the Office of
Special Investigations, develop and implement procedures
for an Academy Response Team (comprising medical, legal,
counseling, and command elements)
to provide a victim of sexual assault immediate assistance,
the facts, and initiate appropriate actions. The
members of this team will
receive special training on the management of sexual assault
cases including victim psychology. The cadet alleging
sexual assault will be thoroughly
briefed on the investigative and legal process.
the Academy Counseling Center and maintain liaison as appropriate
with community counseling entities.
the appropriate policies and procedures toward separating
those alleged to have committed sexual assault
the alleged victims.
effort will be made to assist the alleged victims throughout
the inquiry and assure victims that their concerns
dealt with through the command channels. We will
not tolerate criminals,
we tolerate their behavior. We will not tolerate
individuals who harbor these criminals. We will not tolerate
who shuns alleged
victims of criminal activity, nor will we tolerate
retribution against these victims.
guidance from the General Counsel of the Air Force, apply
definitions of sexual assault at the Academy consistent
standard, Air Force-wide
definitions. Ensure all Academy instructions, training
materials, and guidance reflect Air Force-wide
leadership must communicate with the faculty and cadets
in a forthright manner about the status of cases being
prosecuted, while protecting
the privacy rights of the individuals involved.
This will ensure the cadet wing is aware of the seriousness
of the leadership’s
commitment to timely justice.
- Basic Cadet Training: Beginning in the summer of 2003, the Basic
Training program will be augmented to enhance cadet preparation for the
military environment they are entering and the interactions that will
occur. Basic Cadet Training must emphasize fair treatment and mutual
respect. The orientation will provide substantial material on sexual
assault prevention and overall behavior expected of cadets. The program
syllabus will include guidelines on workplace behavior – including
consistent USAF definitions of sexual assault and harassment – as
well as demeanor and consequences.
- Fourth Degree Training: During Basic Cadet Training, in order
to instill a sense of responsibility and uphold the standards of good
order and discipline of the United States Air Force Academy, only First
Class or Second Class Cadets will interact with Fourth Class cadets.
In the first half of the fall semester, only First Class cadets will
discipline Fourth Class cadets. After Thanksgiving, selected Second
Class cadets can be given training responsibility for Fourth Class
Third Class cadets will only interact with Fourth Class cadets in academic
mentoring/tutoring circumstances or on the spot training guidance.
The exercise of discipline toward a Fourth Class cadet by Third Class
will by governed by a First Class cadet.
- Billeting/Dormitory Life: Separate billeting arrangements
will be established for female and male cadets upon entering the Academy
Basic Cadet Training. During the academic year, Fourth Class cadets
will be billeted with their assigned squadrons.
- Rooms will be arranged in the dormitories to provide for squadron
integrity. Within a squadron, rooms occupied by female cadets will be
clustered in the same vicinity near the women’s
bathrooms. The intent is to preserve basic dignity, deter
situations in which casual
contact could lead to inappropriate fraternization or
worse, and to aid mentoring of lower-degree female cadets
by senior female cadets.
cadet will enter the room of another cadet of the opposite sex
without knocking on the door and announcing themselves, and waiting
for the door to be opened by the cadet occupying
the room. Doors shall
be fully open at all times when a non-roommate or
several non-roommates are present in the room. The Commandant of
Cadets will determine the
appropriate level of punishment for any violation of this standard.
- The Commandant will establish a 24/7 dormitory security and
monitoring system. An officer will be on duty at all times in the dormitories.
This duty officer will be responsible for good order and discipline,
and will manage a roving patrol in effect at night and on weekends.
Fourth class cadets will not be assigned such duty.
- Any cadet found to provide, purchase for, or sell alcohol
to an underage cadet will be disenrolled immediately.
- Reporting Incidents of Sexual Assault: All allegations of
sexual assault will be reported to the officer chain of command immediately.
- The Counseling Center and the CASIE program will be realigned
under the 34 Training Wing and report to the Vice Commandant. The Counseling
Center will be staffed with qualified officer counselors.
- All efforts will be made to encourage victims of sexual assault
to report any incident. Specific attention will be paid to the education
of both male and female cadets regarding action they can take to prevent
or to report instances of assault on them or their fellow cadets. Annual
Training is required for all cadets, staff, and faculty. The Vice Commandant
of Cadets is responsible for establishing, monitoring and documenting
this annual training requirement.
- Because loyalty to values and loyalty to institution must be
placed above misplaced loyalty to someone who’s betrayed our
values and our institution, shunning of cadets who attempt to maintain
standards and report sexual assault will not be tolerated and will
be dealt with by cadet squadron commanders who have responsibility
and enforcing standards. Cadet commanders will be held accountable
for ensuring that such behavior does not occur.
- Cadet support groups will be organized by the Superintendent
to address aggressively the concerns of victims of sexual assault.
- Cadet commanders will be held responsible for the actions
of their subordinates. Upper class cadets who are aware of or observe
activity will be held accountable if they fail to take charge of the
situation and exercise their leadership responsibilities.
- In all reported cases of sexual assault, amnesty from Academy
discipline arising in connection with the alleged offense will be extended
to all cadets involved with the exception of the alleged assailant,
any cadet involved in covering up the incident, any cadet involved
the reporting or investigation of the incident, and the senior ranking
cadet in attendance. The senior ranking cadet present will be responsible
and accountable for all infractions committed by junior cadets.
- Any false accusations of sexual assault will be prosecuted
to the full extent of the law.
- All medical personnel will receive training in dealing with
sexual assault and at least one nurse and doctor will be assigned to
the Academy Response Team. Rape Kits will be available at both the
Cadet Clinic and Academy Hospital.
- Mentors: The Commandant of Cadets will establish a cadet-mentoring
program. Each Second Class female cadet will serve as a mentor to at
least one Fourth Class female cadet not in her squadron or group, and
each male Second Class cadet will mentor at least one Fourth Class
male cadet not in his squadron or group. Evaluations of military performance
for the Second Class cadets will in part be based on their mentoring
- The “Bring Me Men…” sign on the Terrazzo
wall will be removed immediately, and will be replaced by a statement
more suitably represents the aspirations of the entire cadet wing and
the core values of the Air Force.
- An audit of Academy processes to deter, stop, or deal with
sexual assault will be conducted every three years by the Headquarters
Officer/NCO Selection, Training, Roles
- Air Officer Commanding (AOC) Selection/Training: AOC assignment
processes will be enhanced to ensure that selectees are superior officers
who achieve commanders’ list status. AOCs will be specially selected
and academically prepared to assume the unique duties of leading, mentoring,
and training cadets. All AOCs will be Majors or Major selects. AOCs
will meet a central board established by AFPC. The Commandant of Cadets
responsible for the final selection of all AOCs. All AOCs will be required
to live on base.
- AOCs will receive one year of graduate education resulting
in a Masters Degree in counseling or similar area prior to a 2-year
as AOC. During the year of study, the officer will have formal OJT
with a sitting AOC. AOCs will be considered priority status for post
- A specially selected experienced Non-commissioned officer
will be assigned to each cadet squadron as a Military Training Leader
This NCO will report to the Squadron Air Officer Commanding (AOC) and
will be senior to any cadet at the Academy. These senior enlisted airmen
will be in the chain of command, and will assist the AOC in maintaining
good order and discipline.
- Military Training Leaders (MTLs) will receive specific training
in the combination of skills required in the cadet setting.
- AOCs and MTLs will be placed on orders in the chain of command
to the Commandant of Cadets, and will be noted as such in the organizational
charts of the Academy.
- The duties of the AOC and MTL will be clearly defined in written
instructions based on parallel activities in the active duty Air Force.
- The primary place of duty of the AOCs and MTLs is in the cadet
squadron or all other areas best facilitating their involvement in
the daily life and routine of the cadets in that squadron.
- AOCs will be commanders and will be so designated on G-Series
orders. They will have Uniformed Code of Military Justice authority
and responsibility commensurate with their rank.
Broader Academy Climate
The academic and athletic elements of the Academy will be recognized
as contributions to the military purpose of the institution.
- As noted, the Director of Athletics will report to the Commandant.
Those engaged in intercollegiate athletics will be required to engage
in military and leadership training equivalent to their classmates.
Off-season athletes will be required to participate in squadron activities.
- The Academy Board will be re-chartered as the Senior Executive
Board. The board members will act as advisers to the Superintendent
regarding the balance of time devoted to academic and officer development
with responsibility for final decisions resting solely upon the Superintendent.
- Department Chairs will participate in an Academic Board that
will report to the Dean.
- Communications among the military, academic and athletic departments
will ensure that the status of cadet probations, current status of
active or inactive participation on athletic teams, and academic progress
openly and promptly communicated across departments.
- Appropriate academic courses in leadership and character development
will be made part of the core academic curriculum. A lecture series
sponsored by the Secretary of the Air Force and supported by senior
Air Force leadership
will emphasize the moral and ethical standards expected of Air Force
officers. The Department of Behavioral Science and Leadership will
offer courses in military leadership.
- All candidates for Permanent Professor slots will be interviewed
and selected by the Secretary and Chief of Staff. Unless extended by
the Secretary of the Air Force, a Permanent Professor will be expected
to retire in the rank held at 30 years of service. The senior officer
in each department will be held accountable for all subordinate military
officers and will ensure good order and discipline within his/her department.
- Department Chairs will rotate among the faculty within that
department. No faculty member will hold a departmental chair for a
period exceeding five years.
- Officer assignment policies and tour lengths at the Air Force
Academy will be reviewed and revised by the Secretary of the Air Force.
USAFA assistant and associate professors should be recruited from the
top personnel out of the line force, teach for a designated period,
and then return to the line.
- With the exception of those designated at the discretion of
the Secretary and Chief of Staff, all graduates of the Academy will
enter the Air Force as 2nd Lieutenants in operational line AFSCs at
level or below. Our objective is to ensure that all physically qualified
Academy graduates become fully immersed into expeditionary wing level
operations, maintenance, and staff or mission support squadrons of
the Air Force. It is imperative that graduates first gain experience
front line warfighting mission of the Air Force before branching off
into non-combat related fields. Law school, medical school, liberal
arts graduate schools or functional career fields such as acquisition
affairs may be pursued only after these officers have proven themselves
as operational Air Force professionals.
- Those cadets interested in cross commissioning to other military
services will retain that option under existing regulations.
- Pilot training slots will be evenly divided between Academy
and ROTC scholarship accessions. In addition, OTS accessions may compete
for pilot training slots.
- In accordance with Title 10, U.S.C., all AFROTC cadets who are
appointed as officers in the Air Force in May or June will have the same
date of rank with Academy graduates, regardless of their graduation date.
After twelve months, the lineal list will be published. The top officer
for that year group will be the top graduate from the United States Air
Force Academy. All other Second Lieutenants with this date of rank will
be slated according to their cadet performance – either
at the Academy or in the AFROTC program. Any cadets may have
ranking as officers affected by disciplinary action during
their time at the
Academy or AFROTC.