Sam Galloway entered the Air Force in 1970, and retired in 1992 as a Lieutenant Colonel. He flew as C-130 and MC-130E Navigator, Instructor, and Evaluator from 1971 through 1987. He flew missions in Vietnam and was lead navigator in the Desert One operation. From 1983 to 1987, Colonel Galloway was Command Navigator for the Military Airlift Command. From 1987 to 1992 he was a staff officer in USSOCOM J-3 Training and Exercises Division. Colonel Galloway worked joint training issues for Special Operations, training MOAs between CINCSOC and USAF Chief of Staff, and was Program Manager for AC-130, USAFSOS, and Language Training for Special Operations.